Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4


Exercise 7.^ Translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in italics.

  1. Для тебя когда-нибудь разъясняли, что не следует брать на себя ответственность за такие Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 вещи?

  2. Туристам указали на то, что когда они будут путешествовать в Африке, у их не будет доступа к незапятанной воде.

  3. Мартин обратился в Мидленд банк по поводу приема на работу, но ему ничего Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 увлекательного не предложили.

  4. В прошедшем году доктору Брауну предложили провести межкультурное (межэтническое) исследование в Гане. С того времени было проведено много тестов. Приобретенные им данные, но, еще не обнародованы. Все они еще Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 изучаются.

  5. Министру растолковали воздействие нехватки незапятанной воды на здоровье людей. Ему также указали на то, что пора заняться этой неувязкой.

  6. Мэру городка растолковали, что люди больше не собираются мириться с качеством Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 воды в городке.

  7. Задачку исследования природных ресурсов в этом районе дали доктору Смарту. Когда сообщат приобретенные им данные? – На последующей конференции, хотя дату конференции еще не объявили.

  8. Людям еще не предлагали наилучшего метода Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 уменьшить воздействие загрязнения воздуха на окружающую среду.



Unit 5 = 7

Фокус on Grammar:

Conditionals

Subjunctives


Exercise 1. Transfer the sentences into the second and third conditionals.

E.g. If I meet Jack I’ll Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 tell him everything.

  1. If you have a difficult job, you Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 won’t be able to go to parties very often.

  2. If Mark agrees to help you out, he won’t do it for free.

  3. If Jessica goes on holiday abroad, she’ll take Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 out travel insurance.

  4. If Michael finds it necessary to tell you something about the event, it will most certainly be a downright lie.

  5. If Major Smith has a family to take care of Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, he won’t risk his life.

  6. If I have no money to live on, I’ll try to find a well paid job.

  7. If I find something out about Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 this delicate matter, I’ll tell you about it face to face.

  8. If this crazy woman doesn’t feed her numerous pets properly, some of them will die from malnutrition.

  9. If Sheila doesn Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’t get psychiatric help after the accident, she won’t be able to get rid of horrible memories.

  10. If Maggie buys everything she fancies, she’ll be broke in a week Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4.

  11. If I have some free time, I’ll give you a хэнд with the job.


Exercise 2. Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

  1. Now we are lost! If you ______________ (to ask Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) Mary for directions, this __________________ (not to happen).

  2. Why don’t we emigrate? If we ___________ (to live) in Australia, at least the weather ___________ (to be) better.

  3. That Smith is a hardened criminal. If we Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 ____________ (not to punish) him this time, he only ____________ (to commit) more crimes.

  4. I’m sorry, I can’t lend you any money. You know if I ______ (to have) it, I ___________ (to lend Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) it to you.

  5. Don’t be afraid. If you ________ (to touch) the dog, it ______ (not to bite) you.

  6. In those days if you ________ (to have) a job, you ______ (to be) lucky.

  7. What Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a terrible thing to happen! Just think, if we _________ (not to miss) the plane, we ________________ (to kill) in the crash.

  8. We got the project only thanks to Pauline. If Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 she __________ (not to be) interested, the project ____________ (to abandon).

  9. If I ___________ (to be) you, I ____________ (to think) twice before buying a car like that. Don’t waste your money.

  10. If Sue ____________ (to know Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) her sister wasn’t coming, she _______________ (not to go) to so much trouble cooking.

  11. That was lucky! If I _____________ (not to miss) the bus, I _____________ (not to meet) you.

  12. Why don’t you quit Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4? I ______________ (not to stay) in this job even if they ____________ (to offer) a double salary.

  13. Be careful! If you ___________ (to tease) the cat it _______ (to scratch) you.

  14. Thanks very much. If Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 you ____________ (not to help) me, I ____________ (not to finish) the work so quickly.

  15. I’m not selling! I can repeat it a hundred times! It _________ (not to make) any difference if Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 you __________ (to offer) me a million pounds.

  16. If Hilary ___________ (to look) out of the window at that moment, she ___________ (to spot) the criminal trying to break into her car.

  17. Nobody _______________ (to guess Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) he was a thief if he _____________ (not to catch) red-handed taking money from the safe.

  18. We must invite Eric to join the hike. If he ___________ (not to be) with us we ____________ (to get Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) lost.

  19. If there _________ (to be) a train strike on Monday, we ____ (not can) to come.

  20. We ______________ (to be) home in bed ages ago if you _____________ (not to lose) that map!

  21. You Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 should do something about your health. If you _______ (to have) a bit more exercise you _____________ (to feel) a lot better.

  22. If I ___________ (to know) about the company’s difficulties, I ______________ (not to agree Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) to work for them. Unfortunately, ‘what is done cannot be undone.’

  23. I think you should put on something more formal. I ________ (not to wear) this dress to an interview Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 if I _______ (to be) you.

  24. If I __________ (to realise) you were really serious about what you said, I ______________ (to think) it over much more carefully.

  25. The party is OK but I _____________ (to enjoy) it Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 much more if there ____________ (not to be) so many people here.

  26. If the fire brigade _______________ (to arrive) at least a quarter of an hour earlier, the damage _____________ (not to be) nearly Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 so great.

  27. If you _____________ (to take) your mother’s advice at least sometimes, you ______________ (not to get) into trouble so often.

  28. Try to find a better spot for taking photos. If the sun Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 ______ (to be) in the right direction, the photographs __________ (to come) out really well.


Exercise 3. Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

A.

I didn’t go to university when I Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 was younger, but I’m sure I (1) ____________ (to enjoy) it if I (2) ______ (auxiliary verb). I (3) _______________ (to study) medicine. I always wanted to be a doctor, but I was no good at science Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. Instead, I (4) ______ (to study) business administration at a polytechnic. Now I (5) ____________ (to work) in a textile factory. I still think I (6) ________________ (to become) a good doctor. If I (7) ____ (auxiliary verb), I Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 (8) ____________ (to earn) a lot more than I (9) _____ (auxiliary verb) now.

B.

A: I (1) ___________ (to drive) to London tomorrow to see my friends.

B: Really? It (2) ___________ (to be) possible for you Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 to deliver a parcel for me? It’s very valuable, and it (3) __________ (to be) much safer if you (4) _________ (to take) it than if I (5) ______ (to post) it

A: Certainly if you (6) ________ (to give) it to me Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 and (7) _____ (to tell) me the address, I (8) __________ (to deliver) it with pleasure.

B: I’ve had another thought. You (9) ___________ (to mind) if I (10) ________ (to come) with you? Then I (11) __________ (to deliver) it Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 myself.

A: My car is full of books, I’m afraid, so there (12) _________ (not to be) room for you. Sorry.

C.

I met my wife while I was on Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a cruise. I fell ill, and she was the ship’s doctor. Now we run a health food shop. Just think! If I (1) __________ (not to go) on that cruise and (2) ___________ (not to fall) ill Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, I (3) ______________ (not to marry) her, our children (4) ______________ (not to be born) and I still (5) _________ (to work) as a teacher.

D.

I haven’t got a car, but if I (1) ________ (to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 have) one, I (2) ___________ (to be able) to drive to the country for the weekend. I think I (3) _________ (to buy) one as soon as I (4) _______ (can). It (5) __________ (to be) so convenient.

E.

Harry Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 is a remarkable chap! He is sixty now, and he (1) ____________ (to work) all his life as a designer. He (2) _______ (to retire) next year. He has so much talent that he (3) ________ (to make) a Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 success of any job he (4) ________ (to turn) his хэнд to, but he always says he is happy in what he (5) _______ (to do). I think he (6) ______________ (to be) a very good administrator in something like Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the Civil Service. He (7) _____________ (mod.v./rise) very high in it, maybe even to ministerial level. On the other хэнд, I don’t think he (8) _______ (to enjoy) it so much as being Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a designer, where he (9) ________ (to be) his own boss.

(From “Headway Advanced” by John and Liz Soars)


Exercise 4. Say what you would do in the following situations.

1.

You have been to a Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 party with a friend, who is supposed to be driving you home. It is late at night and time to go home, but you think your friend has had too much Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 to drink, even though he can drive all right.

Begin: If I had a party with a friend …

2.

Your neighbour, Henry, is having a row with his wife. Henry asks you a Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 favour. ‘If my wife asks you where I was last night, say I was with you, OK?’


3.

You are having a dinner party at your house. Suddenly a husband and wife that you Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 have invited start having a violent argument.

4.

You are at a party. You meet a man/woman who you fall instantly in love with. At the end of the party, the man Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4/woman proposes that you should get married immediately.

5.

You are in the street. You see a mother beating her four-year-old child.


6.

You have been invited to a Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 very posh dinner party. You are eating your meal when you discover a dead beetle in it.

7.

You have arranged to meet a friend to go out for the evening. You wait at Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the pre-arranged spot. He/She turns up three-quarters of an hour late.

8.

You are in an exotic restaurant. Not knowing what to order, you ask for what someone at the Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 next table is having. It looks delicious. When yours arrives, you ask the waiter what it is. ‘Fried worms’ comes the answer.

9.

You have been playing roulette at a casino, and have won over Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 $5,000. If you bet it all and win, you will never have to do another day’s work in your life.

10.

You have just had a meal at an expensive restaurant Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. The bill comes and you realise that you have no money and no credit card on you.


Exercise 5.


I. Analyse the meaning of the verb forms in the following examples and translate them into Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 Russian.

If you should meet Bob, tell him about our plans face to face.

Take this ring. If you should be broke, you’ll be able to sell it Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4.

If you should get into trouble, Michael will certainly help you out.

If the reporter should reveal his source of information, he’ll have problems.

If Mike’s parents were to learn that Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 his bank account is overdrawn, he would be in real trouble.

If Sheila were to find out that her husband is cheating on her, they would split up immediately.

If the assailant were Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 to confess to his crime, he would get a lenient punishment.

If Martin were to get involved in something illegal, it would be hard for him to keep his job.


II. ^ Change Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the sentences according to the given example to show that the events mentioned are not very probable. Translate the sentences into Russian.

E.g. If by any chance we miss the train, we Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’ll be late for work.

  1. If by Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 any chance you rely on Mary for help, you’ll make a bad mistake.

  2. If by any chance your car breaks down again, the service station will have to repair Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 it for free.

  3. If by any chance you come up against a problem, we’ll give you a хэнд.

  4. If by any remote chance Edwin decides to climb Everest, it will Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 mean gambling with death.

  5. If by some remote chance a drought strikes the country, a lot of people will die of hunger.

  6. If by any chance a journalist misquotes a prominent public figure, he Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’ll get into trouble.

  7. If by any chance Mr Gregory is found guilty, he will hardly get a lenient punishment.

  8. If by any chance Hilary decides to make a fresh Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 start, she will probably make the same mistakes.

  9. If by any chance the police start inquiries into that matter, some unpleasant facts will probably come to light.

  10. If the boys happen to start Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a fight in the street, they will be taken in.


Exercise 6. Translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in italics.

  1. Если Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 б у Джеральда было чувство ответственности, он бы вел собственный бизнес по-другому.

  2. Джон Смит отбывает 4-годичный срок заключения за мошенничество. Если б он был умнее, это бы сошло ему с рук Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4.

  3. Если б Мартин обиделся (to get offended), когда Роберт именовал его жуликом, он бы издавна ему отомстил.

  4. Если б у меня была настоящая власть, я бы отделила (изолировала) преступников от обычных людей Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 и держала бы их в реабилитационных центрах.

  5. Тедди сетует, что с ним плохо обращаются в школе. – Я ему не верю. Если б с учениками тут плохо обращались, эта школа не числилась бы наилучшей Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 в нашем городке.

  6. Почему Рональд отказался от этой работы? – Если б он отыскал тут жилище, он бы принял ее.

  7. Если б Майку не воспретили водить машину, он бы, естественно, посодействовал для Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 тебя переехать в новый дом. Сейчас для тебя придется попросить помощи у Роя.

  8. Если ты вдруг предложишь эту работу Полу, ты сделаешь огромную ошибку. Все знают, что он уже отбыл срок тюремного заключения за Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 мошенничество.

  9. Если этот правонарушитель вдруг совершит кражу опять, это навряд ли сойдет ему с рук.

  10. Если власти вдруг воспретили бы курение на улице, многие люди бросили бы курить.


Exercise 7. Change Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the sentences according to the given example. Translate them into Russian.

E.g. If it weren’t for her mother-in-law, she would be happy.

  1. If it weren’t for the weather, we could go hiking in the country.

  2. If it weren’t for the headache I have now, I would give you a хэнд Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 with the translation.

  3. If it hadn’t been for your request, he wouldn’t have gone to much trouble to help Bob out.

  4. If it weren’t for his demanding job, he would Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 keep us company.

  5. If it hadn’t been for the bad line, I would have understood what Ryan wanted to tell me.

  6. If it hadn’t been for the breach of discipline Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, the pupils wouldn’t have been punished.

  7. If it hadn’t been for the takeover, these workers wouldn’t have been мейд redundant.

  8. If it hadn’t been for the conflict Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 of interests, the companies would have merged long ago.

  9. If it weren’t for his age, he would be running his business himself.

  10. If it hadn’t been for this evidence, he wouldn Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’t have been found guilty.


Exercise 8. Change the sentences according to the given example. Translate them into Russian.

E.g. If you should change your mind, let me know.

  1. If you should come up against a problem, we’ll be happy to help you.

  2. If our police should fail to serve its purpose, we’ll have Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 to resort to different measures.

  3. If the news should make headlines, it will cause many politicians a bad headache.

  4. If Mr Hodges should gain access to the personal files Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 of our employees, some of them will have problems.

  5. If the sides should fail to resolve the dispute within the next few days, the talks will go into stalemate.

  6. If the measures we Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 are taking should prove inadequate, the whole project will make no sense.

  7. If Mr McLane had employed only trained personnel, his business would have been successful.

  8. If you had addressed the problem in time Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, you wouldn’t face these difficulties now.

  9. If you had persuaded your friend to quit, he would have secured a much better job long ago.

  10. If Martin hadn’t shown Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 up, we would have wasted a lot of time looking for him.

  11. If Linda hadn’t put us up, we would have spent the whole night at the railway station.

  12. If Kevin Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 hadn’t given up smoking, he would have got a smoking-related disease.


Exercise 9. Read WB p.35 (6) and answer the following questions.

  1. What mistake do you think Robert’s parents мейд when they Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 were raising him?

  2. What kind of life would Robert be leading now if his parents hadn’t мейд those mistakes?

  3. What would have happened to Robert if his parents hadn Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’t called the police?

  4. What would you have done if you were Robert’s father / mother?

  5. Would you have forgiven your parents if you were Robert?


Exercise 10. Study the meaning of the Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 following words and translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in italics.

I.

SB p.66 “ … residents return to comfortable houses shared between four or six Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 people.”

to share – разделять, делить (воспользоваться совместно)

to divide – разделять, поделить (на части)

  1. Если б Джейсон установил сигнализацию в собственном новеньком доме впору, дом бы не обокрали. – Я делю твое мировоззрение Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4.

  2. Г-на Рейнольдса нереально уверить, что когда предки воспитывают малыша, они должны делить ответственность за его будущее.

  3. Г-н Стинсон отлично ведет дела. Но, если вдруг он откажется поделить прибыль Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 поровну, его партнер, вне сомнения, очень рассердится.

  4. У людей нередко бывают задачи, когда они делят средства, которые они получают в наследие (to inherit).

II.

Глагол “to fail” нередко употребляется с модальными глаголами Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 для выражения отрицания, относящегося к следующему инфинитиву.

E.g. You mustn’t fail to do it. – Для тебя нельзя не сделать этого.

If you should fail to do it … - Если ты вдруг этого не Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 сделаешь … (Если случится так, что ты этого не сделаешь …)

  1. Если случится так, что милиция не изловит убийцу, местные обитатели не не станут волноваться.

  2. Если случится так, что мы не убедим Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 Стинсонов, что им не следует баловать собственного единственного малыша, у их позднее будут препядствия.

  3. Если вдруг какие-нибудь служащие не будут отвечать требованиям компании, их уволят.

  4. Если случится так, что г-н Блейз не Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 будет управлять компанией отлично, она разорится.

III.

SB p.66 “If you treat people badly, they will behave badly.”

to behave – вести себя

to feel – ощущать себя

  1. Ребенок совсем избалован. Он не знает, как Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 вести себя.

  2. Пациент ощущал себя плохо, и доктор решил не выпускать его из поликлиники.

  3. Кевин ощущает себя отлично, так как бросил курить.

  4. Марвин ведет себя удивительно. Почему он избегает собственных друзей Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4? – Вне сомнения, он должен им средств, а он опять без гроша.


Exercise 11. Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets. Some sentences will require inversion (Should I …).

A.

‘A cat? … All Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 right,’ I said, ‘on condition you (1) ________ (to look) after it, provided that you (2) __________ (to feed) it and as long as you (3) ___________ (not to expect) me to clean up after it!’ If only I (4) _____________ (to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 be) more firm! Now the animal never (5) ____________ (to feed) unless I (6) ________ (to do) it. But for me it (7) ______________ (to starve) to death months ago. I (8) ____________ (to know) the children’s interest in Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the beast would wane as soon as it (9) __________ (to arrive), I (10) _____________ (to answer) differently. The poor thing (11) _____________ (to ignore) by them even if it springs into their laps. I (12) ______________ (to kidnap) the Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 thing, I don’t think they would notice. They ever (13) ___________________ (to ask) for a dog, I think I’ve got my answer ready.

(From “Grammar and Vocabulary for Cambridge Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 Advanced and Proficiency” by R.Side)

B.

Good News for Dog Owners!

If you often travel abroad for your holidays, what you (1) ____________ (to do) with your beloved dog? You (2) _______ (to put) him in Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a kennel or you (3) ____________ (to leave) him with friends? One thing is certain, you are extremely unlikely to take him with you because if you (4) __________ (to do), he (5) _______________ (to have) to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 spend six months in quarantine when you (6) _________ (to return). A bit of a stiff penalty for two week’s traveling! But this is set to change soon. From April your dog (7) ____________ (mod.v./go) with Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 you providing he (8) ___________ (to have) a rabies vaccination and (9) _______ (to wear) an identification chip. Cara Lewis, a spokesperson for the Animal Welfare Society, said, ‘This is very good news for all Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 British animal lovers. I know many people who (10) _________ (to take) their dogs on holiday with them if only they (11) _____ (can). Indeed, I used to travel to northern France regularly and I (12) ______________ (to take Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4) my dog Wolfie with me every time but for the quarantine regulations.’ But Cara also has words of warning: ‘Pet owners should remember that there are other considerations when taking animals abroad Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. Your animal (13) ______________ (to become) disoriented, he (14) ___________ (mod.v./run) away, so ensure that he (15) __________ (to wear) a collar with your holiday address at all times.’

It isn’t all good news, however Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. If you (16) ____________ (to travel) to a country outside Western Europe this year, you (17) ______________ (mod.v.negative/take) your pet with you – it will be some time before regulations for other destinations Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 (18) _______________ (to relax), if ever.

(From “Advanced Learners’ Grammar” by M.Foley)

C.

No Pain, No Gain?

It’s January 1st. You are on the bathroom scales, groaning. If you (1) ________________ (not to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 eat) that last piece of Christmas pudding , perhaps you (2) __________ (not to put on) that extra kilo. Never mind, you can lose it and get fit in the gym!

Or is that the right Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 thing to do? If you (3) _______ (to be) unfit, you (4) __________ (to stand) a huge chance of injuring yourself in the gym or on the squash court. You (5) __________ (mod.v./take) care before launching yourself Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 into a vigorous exercise routine: if you (6) ____________ (not to treat) your body with respect, it (7) _____________ (not to function) as you want it to. The knee, in particular, (8) _____________ (mod.v./ cause) untold problems Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. We (9) _____________ (not to have) problems with our knees if we still (10) ___________ (to walk) on all fours, but they are not up to a vertical pounding on the treadbahn for an hour a Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 day. All of our joints can cause problems; if you want to play football safely, make sure you (11) ____________ (to wear) the right boots to protect your ankles.

Many sports injuries (12) ____________ (to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 cause) by insufficient warm-ups. If everyone (13) ___________ (to spend) a few minutes stretching their muscles before exercising, they (14) _____________ (to experience) much less pain during exercise itself. But people can be stubborn about Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 pain when exercising. The phrase ‘no pain, no gain’ is rubbish. You (15) _______________ (to feel) pain when you (16) __________ (to exercise), you must stop at once!

Спорт has many other hazards, though. Golf, you would Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 think, is relatively harmless. Not so for Anthony Phua, a Malaysian golfer who (17) __________ (to kill) by getting in the way of his partner’s swing. Now, if he (18) _______________ (not to Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 take up) that particular form of exercise in the first place, it (19) ____________ (not to happen).

What can you do if you don’t want to risk спорт, but still you want Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 to lose weight? Well, it’s not all bad news for coach potatoes. If you (20) __________ (to be) happy to lose calories steadily but soundly, just stay at home: sleeping burns 60 calories an hour, ironing Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 132 and cooking 190. Just don’t eat what you cook!

(From “Advanced Learners’ Grammar” by M.Foley)


Exercise 12. Say what you would have done in the following situation.

1.

A friend of Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 yours got on a train, anxious to find a seat as she was very tired. There was only one seat free, next to a drunk who was singing and shouting abuse at the other passengers Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. She sat down next to the drunk, got out a book and started reading.

Begin: If I had got on a train …

2.

A friend of yours was at an airport Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. Suddenly a well-dressed stranger approached him. He explained that his money had been stolen and asked to borrow $20 to get home, with a promise of repayment. Your friend gave him Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 the money and left his address.

3.

Your friend arrived home one afternoon, opened the front door and came face to face with a burglar. She hit him with her bag.


4.

Your friend Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 fell out with her neighbor and was not on speaking terms with her any more. One day, she was going out when she saw her neighbour’s front door was open. She knew no one Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 was in – the neighbour must have forgotten to lock the door. Your friend phoned her neighbour on her mobile phone.

5.

My girlfriend bought some new clothes, which she thought were wonderful Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4. I thought they looked ridiculous. When I was asked for my opinion I said outright what I thought.

6.

Your friend, a personnel manager, took a new employee, who was doing very well. Then Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 he discovered that the man had a criminal record. Your friend gave him the sack immediately.

7.

Your friend was driving at night. It was very cold and wet. Suddenly he saw Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 a hitchhiker, a girl looking shabbily-dressed and staggering slightly. Your friend stopped and offered her a lift.

8.

Your friend had been invited to a fancy-dress party. She arrived, looking outrageous Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, to find that it wasn’t a fancy-dress party at all. Everyone was very smart and elegant. Your friend left immediately.

9.

In his attempt to impress a girl your friend told Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 her that he was a very good tennis player, which was not true. A little later she invited him to spend the weekend with some friends. He was over the moon. Then Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 his girlfriend said: “Bring your tennis racket. They’ve got a tennis court.”


Exercise 13.

  1. Analyze the way wishes and regrets are expressed in the following sentences. Translate them into Russian.

  1. I Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 wish Amanda had a sense of responsibility.

  2. You’ll wish you didn’t treat the boy badly.

  3. I wish you hadn’t been banned from driving.

  4. They’ll wish they had installed an Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 alarm in their apartment.

  5. I wish he wouldn’t get his own back on Sheila.

  6. I wish they would convince Mr Goldberg that he is wrong.

  7. If only the boy had faith Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 in his future!

  8. If only we had managed to persuade them to change their minds!

  9. I’d rather you didn’t spoil the boy so much.

  10. I’d rather he had admitted his Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 guilt and eased his conscience.

II.

Express wishes and regrets based on the following sentences. Learn them for back translation.

E.g. It’s a pity you are going away Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4.

  1. I really think Jason is dishonest. It Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’s a pity you always take him at his word.

  2. I realise that Tom must be taught a lesson, and still you shouldn’t started a fight with him.

  3. I understand Mr Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 Hodges knows how to convince people. It’s a pity you believed him.

  4. You trust people much too often. It’s a pity you take everything at its face value.

  5. You shouldn Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’t have told anybody about our plan. It’s only too bad you didn’t keep quiet about it.

  6. This contract is no good. You’ll be sorry you signed it.

  7. Martin Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 gave me a lot of useless advice. It’s a pity he didn’t give me a хэнд with the job.

  8. It was going to be a very profitable deal. You Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4’ll be sorry you gave it up halfway through.

  9. You are overworked. That’s why you are so irritable. I think you should take a holiday. Why can’t you do it?

  10. The idea was Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 good, but you did it all wrong. You’ll be sorry you didn’t look into the problem carefully and didn’t make a fresh start.

  11. What Kevin tells you is Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 not necessarily true. You’ll be sorry you always believe him.

  12. If I were you I wouldn’t give that information away. Some day you’ll be sorry about it.

  13. It’s too Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 late to take any measures now. It’s a pity you didn’t address the problem in time.


Exercise 14. Translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 words and word combinations given in italics.

  1. Если б не улики, которые отыскала милиция, правонарушитель избежал бы наказания.

  2. Если б не неоспоримое алиби, которое удалось представить (to provide) подозреваемому, он бы на Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 данный момент отбывал пятилетний срок заключения.

  3. Если б не грех, которое он сделал, Паттерсон бы стал политиком.

  4. Случись так, что этот правонарушитель опять совершит грех, он, по всей вероятности, получит Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4 долгий срок тюремного заключения.

  5. Был бы правонарушитель аккуратнее, он бы не оставил отпечатков пальцев в квартире.

  6. Не перехитрил бы жулик полицию, это грех не сошло бы ему с рук.

  7. Не уверила бы Шэрон Мартина Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4, что ему не следует мириться с бедами собственных служащих, он бы на данный момент не вел дело настолько удачно.

  8. Случись так, что ты станешь нештатным журналистом, ты заработаешь много средств. – Просто сказать Дополнительные материалы к учебнику - страница 4!

  9. ^ Оставили бы правонарушители след, милиция издавна бы отыскала ключ к разгадке похищения.



dopolnitelnie-metodi-primeneniya-efirnih-masel.html
dopolnitelnie-nablyudeniya.html
dopolnitelnie-normativnie-pravovie-akti.html